Power Plant General Layout
A thermal power plant converts the heat energy of coal into electrical energy.
Power plant general layout. Army usa technical manual tm 5 811 6 electric power plant design. The power plants all have a common thing the alternator. If the reprint or republication includes copyrighted material the credit should also state. A generating station which converts heat energy of coal combustion into electrical energy is known as a steam.
A power generating station or power plant uses various sources like hydel energy thermal energy diesel nuclear energy to produce bulk electric power. Only for prime mover power plant design and layout has some huge difference. Though each plant is unique in itself in terms of specific features and functionalities still there is a broad outline to which all thermal power plants confirm to and in this article we will study about the general layout of a typical power plant. This considerably reduces the transportation cost of fuel which is a major advantage of nuclear power plants.
The expansion of steam in turbine produces mechanical power which drives the alternator generator coupled to the turbine. First let us know what is the function of a power generating station. Rest parts of a nuclear power plant are very similar to conventional thermal power plants. Anyone wishing to make further use of copyrighted material by itself and apart from this text should seek necessary permission directly from the proprietors.
Almost two third of electricity requirement of the world is fulfilled by thermal power plants or thermal power stations in these power stations steam is produced by burning some fossil fuel e g. Diesel power plant layout. Here now we going to discuss only steam power station or steam power generation plant and all other power station in next coming articles we have the advantages disadvantage layout working principle of steam power station or steam power plant in this article. In the 18 th century the thermal power plant exists with a lot of improvements in the reciprocating steam engine this reciprocating steam engine is used to develop the steam and with the use of an electric generator makes or produces the electricity.
Coal is burnt in a boiler which converts water into steam. The prime mover is the mechanical drive that rotates the alternator shaft. The layout of the diesel power station illustrates the main and auxiliary components of the plant and the importance of each component as. In the year about 1905 the turbines entirely replaced reciprocating engines in large central power stations and it.
The general use of this plant is to produce small power requirement. Coal and then used to run a steam turbine thus a thermal power station may sometimes called as a steam power station after the steam passes through the steam turbine it is condensed in a. It is found that fission of only 1 kg of uranium produces as much heat energy as that can be produced by 4 500 tons of high grade coal. General layout of the plant.
Gas turbine power plant. It can t stand up for a long period of overload conditions.